The Bihar Education Project Council (BEPC), popularly known as Bihar Education Project (BEP)... Read More
  Participation and Role of Community and Civil Society

Background
It would be impossible for RTE as well as SSA to succeed without people’s support and ownership. The RTE mandate for age-appropriate admission of every out-of-schoolchild, special training for each child to enable her to cope in school, promoting child-friendly child centered...
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Role of Civil Society Organisations and the Nature of their Engagement
The importance of the role of civil society organizations with relevant and demonstrated experience at different levels and locations, in translating RTE from a legal framework on paper to a vibrant movement on the ground, cannot be overstated. This becomes even more critical in the face of the scale...
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Potential Areas of Partnership
While it is agreed that the role of civil society needs to be holistic, there are some areas, where NGOs and other civil society organisations could play a substantial role.These are...
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Role of Parents
Parents would need to play a more active role in school in monitoring the implementation of RTE stipulations and facilitating children to learn at their own pace without fear, anxiety and stress. Parents have a crucial role in understanding and appreciating the individual potential of every child, and her/his own pace of learning. Parents need to be involved in discussion to understand the significance of interactive learning free from stress and anxiety, tests and exams being replaced by asystem of continuous and comprehensive evaluation, the fact that there should be no corporal punishment, no tuition, and no detention. Once they are convinced of this, it would be easier to solicit their participation in the school development and management processes. Another challenging aspect before the community now is to identify out-of-school children in the locality and bring them to age appropriate class in a school. Efforts made in SSA for community participation will thus need to focus on awareness generation and participation of parents as an important partner.
Role of Children
Children’s participation in universalizing equitable access, retention and quality is an important and desirable catalyst for realization of their right to education. Without children’s participation in the schooling process, schools cannot be made child-friendly and child- centered. Concepts like Children’s Cabinet, Children’s Parliament, Meena Manch, etc. need to be encouraged in every school, thus ensuring children’s active participation in school management and development. SSA would encourage formation of children’s collectives and support groups for children without adult protection to address deficit of community support and ownership.
Role of Teachers
Issues relating to teachers have been discussed in the Chapter 4 (Quality). However, in the context of community participation it is important to underline the significance of the teacher as a key partner in planning and implementing community participation strategies. In fact participation for RTE implies a mutually supportive and collaborative partnership among teachers, pupils, parents, community and civil society. It is an established fact that teachers perform better and with enthusiasm if they get wholehearted parental and community support. Therefore, the teacher like other stakeholders will have to be taken into confidence, and their capacities built to enable them play their part effectively.
Public Private Partnership and Corporate Social Responsibility
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Organisations can play a crucial role by collaborating with community and local authorities for awareness generation and monitoring on RTE. They can bring in their ideas and resources in the areas of infrastructure development and capacity building etc.
SSA Support for Civil Society Organisations
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Summing Up
People€™s participation is fundamental to the success of SSA. The objective of equitable quality for all children can be attained only with active participation of all stakeholders including, parents, teachers, community, civil society and children. SSA would strive to enhance participation of general public by awareness generation....
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