The Bihar Education Project Council (BEPC), popularly known as Bihar Education Project (BEP)... Read More
  School Infrastructure Development

Introduction
SSA aims to universalise access toelementary education in accordance with the vision of the RTE Act. Quality of the school building and availability of basic facilities therein is an important determiner of school access. The built environment of the school has to be inviting, attractive and comfortable to the child...
Read More...
Whole School Development
Development of school infrastructure is a comprehensive exercise for developing the school building along with its indoor and outdoor spaces in ways that contribute to the goals of universal access, retention, equity and quality in education. Since the infrastructure design...
Read More...
Unified Vision of a School
At the national level, the vision is to develop each school’s built-environment as an ecosystem for learning. The school is envisioned as inclusive and pedagogically rich, sustainable eco-system, safe and secure from hazards, incorporating elements of green architecture, optimum resource-utilisation through culturally and environmentally...
Read More...
Critical Considerations for Design, Planning and Implementation
School infrastructure surveys: SSA will support all government and local body schools in meeting the infrastructure requirements specified in the schedule to the RTE Act.Augmentation of existing school infrastructure would require, inter alia, a survey of existing facilities in every school. Such a...
Read More...
Other provisions for School Infrastructure Development
Major repairs: There are large numbers of schools that cannot be repaired under the available maintenance grant. To facilitate the availability of funds for major repairs, civil works component of SSA allows major repairs up to ` 150 crore nationally, per annum under SSA subject to the conditions laid down in the relevant norms...
Read More...
Planning and Implementation
Community ’s active role in school infrastructure development: Planning and implementation by the community through MC in all school infrastructure development activities will be mandatory in order to ensurea sense of ownership and a departure from contractor driven approaches....
Read More...
Capacity Building of SMC for Undertaking Building Construction

Construction activities under SSA are to be undertaken with community involvement. No contractors can be engaged for the task, except in the rare cases of such buildings that, in the opinion of the PAB, require special design and technical skills. SSA will encourage use of local construction materials and low cost and environment friendly technologies, without compromising on the structural soundness and safety of the building. The SMC will need to be trained in certain specific technical aspects such as collaborating in the development of drawings, understanding cost estimates, assessing building material quality, keeping accounts, material procurement etc. Training will also include aspects like payment of at least minimum wages; equal wages to women, no engagement of child labour, maintaining transparency about funds received and used through social audits, display boards etc. The training can be imparted in a simple and effective manner in the local language, through technical/other experts who are themselves trained to communicate effectively and demystify these issues.

Allocations for School Infrastructure Development
The allocation for School Infrastructure Development (formerly Civil Works) will not33% of the total approved outlays under SSA on the entire project cost. However, in the finalisation of a particular year’s plan, provision of civil works can be made at a higher level depending on the priority assigned to various components of the programme. In a particular year’s annual plan, provision for civil works can be considered up to 50% of the annual plan expenditure, within the overall project ceiling of 33%.
Unit Costs
The unit cost, where not specifically mentioned in the SSA norms, would be based on State Schedule of Rates (SoR) duly notifiedby State Government. In case of drinking water facility and toilet facility also the unit cost should be worked out on the basis of Schedule of Rates for these works duly notified by the State Govt.
Technical Support for Implementation
Creating/accessing technical capacity for large scale school infrastructure creation and for quality assurance: For meeting the infrastructure requirements of new and existing schools within the defined timelines, sufficient numbers of technically qualified staff will need to be put in place at block, district and State level for assisting the SMC with technical drawings and estimates and for...
Read More...
SSA Support for School Infrastructure
BRC construction and augmentation
Read More...